Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Ancient Religions Essay -- essays research papers fc

Religions of the Ancient World      Religions of the antiquated world were in a condition of consistent transition. Karl Jaspers expresses that between the eighth and fourth hundreds of years B.C.E, â€Å"great changes occurred in all the socialized world† (qtd. in Basham 36), and the incredible masterminds of these occasions started thinking autonomously and independently. In addition, â€Å"after these incredible masterminds the world was never the equivalent again† (qtd. in Basham 36-37). These occasions were named the â€Å"axial period† (qtd. in Basham 37). The hub religions that developed during this period were significant and enduring. Truth be told, the religions examined in this paperâ€Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianityâ€are thought about the most polished religions to do this day. In spite of the fact that these religions have changed after some time, their basic structure stays flawless.      Ancient Hebrew Religion      Richard Hooker expresses that there are four primary periods in the Hebrew Religion, they are: the Pre-Mosaic Stage (1950 - 1300 B.C.E.), the National Monolatry and Monotheism (1300-1000 B.C.E.), the Prophetic Revolution (800-600 B.C.E.), and the Post-Exile Revolution (538 B.C.E., and past) (Hooker n. pag.). Little is thought about the Pre-Mosaic stage, yet a few researchers have framed four principle ends drawn from the content of Genesis. The main end expresses that the start of Hebrew religion was polytheistic, including a few divine beings. This end is shaped from the â€Å"plural type of the name of God, Elohim instead of El† (Hooker n. pag.). The subsequent ends is that early â€Å"Hebrew religion was animistic...and as a result...had various practices that fall into the classification of magic† (Hooker n. pag.).      In the Monolatry time frame, the most critical occasion was the departure from Egypt. The incredible relocation drove by Moses brought together the Hebrew individuals. They started to allude to themselves as â€Å"bene yisrael† or â€Å"children of Israelâ€Å". Additionally right now, Moses taught the Israelites to venerate one God, Yahweh, and to adhere to his laws (Torah). The Israelites admired Yahweh as their God and boss ruler. Towards the finish of this period the Kingdom of Israel was in a condition of unrest. They ached for a â€Å"unified state under a solitary monarch† (Hooker n. pag.) and they continued onward in light of this idea.  â â &nbsp... ...ite their challenges, these religions just fortified all through time. Works Cited Basham, A.L. The Origins and Developments of Classical Hinduism. Ed. Kenneth G. Zysk. Boston: Beacon, 1989. Brummett, Palmira, et all. Human advancements Past and Present. Ed. Priscilla McGeehon Longman, 2000.â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â Dumoulin, Heinrich. Zen Enlightenment: Origins and Meaning. Trans.      Maraldo, John C. New York: Weatherhill 1979. Finegan, Jack. The Archeology of World Religions. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press 1952. Hooker, Richard. The Hebrews. 1996: n. pag. On the web. Web. 10 Oct. 2000. Accessible http://www.edu:8080/~dee/HEBREWS/RELIGION.HTM. Kashyap, J. et al. The Path of the Buddha. Ed. Morgan, Kenneth W. New York: The Ronald Press Co., 1956. Scheck, Frank Reainer, Manfred Gã ¶rgens. Buddhism: A Historical Overview. Baron's: 1999. From Jesus to Christ: the First Christians. PBS and WGBH/FRONTLINE 1998: n. pag. On the web. Web. 2 Nov. 2000. Accessible http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/forefront/appears/religion/.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Material Culture and Consumer Society †Free Samples to Students

Question: Talk about the Material Culture and Consumer Society. Answer: Presentation: Is this the scourge of innovation, to live in a world without judgment, without point of view, no setting for comprehension or recognizing what is genuine and what is envisioned, what is controlled and what is by chance delightful, what is shadow and what is substance? The above cited lines of Terry Tempest Williams plainly plot the idea of the cutting edge society. It is to be noticed that the general public structures a significant part of the life of an individual and it additionally markedly affected the perspectives just as the thinking design about the people (Rosenberg, 2015). In this manner, it would not to be excessively far-got to state that the character just as the character of an individual is the reflection or identical representation of the general public wherein the person in question has been raised (Graves-Brown, Jones Gamble, 2013). In the assessment of Thomas Gray explained in the book The Picture of Dorian Gray, the outfit of the nineteenth century is vile. It is so grave, so discouraging. Sin is the main genuine shading component left in present day life. It is to be noticed that in spite of the fact that he implied that line in the particular setting of the nineteenth century society yet that line despite everything remains c onstant with regards to the current day society too. I might want to make reference to here that I am a global understudy in Australia and was raised in a totally extraordinary social just as social foundation. Along these lines, the social just as the social condition which I discovered here are not in synchronization with the social and the social condition which I encountered in local nation. A portion of the social just as social practices which I discovered here in the nation of Australia like same-sex marriage, the help of the LGBT the executives, the separation framework, live seeing someone were ideas heard by me just in books and films. Consequently, I am not open to these thoughts and my own social just as social childhood denied me from tolerating them. Social foundation frames a significant part of the social character of an individual (Ryan, 2014). It is frequently observed that the way of life which has been educated to an individual in their youth leave an enduring impact on the person in question (Graves-Brown, Jones Gamble, 2013). I might want to remark here that I was raised in the preservationist social foundation of the nation of Bangladesh. I was brought by the severe statutes of the way of life of Muslim society. I might likewise want to include here that since I had my childhood in Bangladesh which is an underdeveloped nation, a significant number of the things that I see around myself in the nation of Australia are totally new to me. At first, I was extremely astounded to see these social contrasts around myself. In any case, as I invested some energy in this specific nation I got familiar with the social customs of Australia. I might want to include that I in any event, for tutoring I went to a young men school and the standards in my way of life were severe to the point that we were not in any case urged to connect with unmarried young ladies without the nearness of the older folks. In this manner, the way of life of the Australia where the individuals from various genders transparently collaborated with one another without the nearness of the older folks and a similar house without marriage was totally different from the Islamic culture (Biesterfeldt et al., 2012). Religion is another social factor which assumes a critical job in the social personality of an individual (Ryan, 2014). I was raised by the statutes of the Islamic which my folks followed. I might want to include here that the Islamic religion profoundly affected me so I began to pass judgment on the rightness or the misleading quality of any activity exclusively based on the statutes of Islam. Along these lines, the strict customs of the nation of Australia were totally strange to me particularly their conventions like separation framework, the utilization of various types of red meats, utilization of liquor and different others (Staniforth, 2012). As indicated by Cage J. Madison in the book Alpha360: Book 1: An Evolutional Journey for the Modern Man, Modern culture has sent men on a mission that is maybe a request similarly as provocative as the famous inquiry: what is the importance of life. The inquiry tossed at men by the general public would one say one is which numerous men ba ttle to reply, and that question is: What does it intend to take care of business?. In this way, the advanced age attempts to carry on with their life according to the way which gives them the most extreme measure of euphoria or delight for the sake of finding the response to the topic of the genuine significance of life (Rosenberg, 2015). A similar sex marriage and different traditions followed by the individuals of Australia and other present day countries of the world discover its help in the lines of creators like C. JoyBell like Life is too short to even consider wasting any measure of time on thinking about what others think about you. In any case, on the off chance that they would be wise to things going on in their lives, they wouldn't have the opportunity to lounge around and talk about you. What's essential to me isn't others' assessments of me, however what's critical to me is my assessment of myself. The essential custom of the Australian culture which was totally strange to me and with which I made some hard memories was the idea of same sex marriage. I might want to include here that in my own homeland and the religion which I followed marriage was a sacrosanct thing and one of the statute of this incorporated a feeling just as a physical security between two individuals having a place with other genders (Biesterfeldt et al., 2012). Anyway here in the country of Australia I found that the individuals of a similar sex were pulled in to one another and even the legislative specialists bolstered this specific decision of the people by giving them marriage just as association rights. This framework is something which is thoroughly strange to me. I was truly astounded to locate that even the administration bolstered this way of life of the individuals in name of advancement freedom and the essential privileges of the individuals. As indicated by C. JoyBell, The unhappiest individual s in this world, are the individuals who care the most about what others think. In this manner, the individuals in the nation of Australia couldn't care less about the assessment of others and carry on with their life according to the style which suits them the best and gives them the most measure of joy (Staniforth, 2012). Be that as it may, in the assessment of Christopher Buehlman explained in the book Modern life makes such a significant number of us peculiarly vacant. In this way, from the above conversation it turns out to be clear society majorly affected the development just as the improvement of the character just as character of a person. The pretended by social foundation just as religion is likewise exceptionally huge to note and for my situation it has an enduring impression. The different social associations additionally assume a huge job for a person. It is to be noticed that the different traditions of the Australian country were entirely unexpected were very surprising from the ones followed in my own homeland of Bangladesh. Consequently, I needed to make certain changes in my disposition just as my supposition and the manner in which I used to see myself's general surroundings. References Biesterfeldt, H. H., Kreutz, M., Wild, S., Kemper, M., Schbler, B., Wrsch, R. (2012).Humanism and Muslim culture: chronicled legacy and contemporary challenges(Vol. 2). Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. Recovered from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=Qgft3srnT8ECoi=fndpg=PA3dq=muslim+cultureots=REfqGzIAHasig=G6lWRbC7eRlNrNKeMjDa31uap6Y#v=onepageq=muslim%20culturef=false Graves-Brown, P., Jones, S., Gamble, C. S. (Eds.). (2013).Cultural character and paleohistory: the development of European people group. Routledge. Recovered from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=NeLrFgg2PaQCoi=fndpg=PR10dq=cultural+background+and+identityots=WiWsAruK4Csig=bTat_zwZ-5c8RINBT2hc_Drsa2Y#v=onepageq=cultural%20background%20and%20identityf=false Rosenberg, M. (2015).Society and the immature mental self portrait. Princeton college press. Recovered from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=YR3WCgAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PP1dq=societyots=rLX-H6aGUXsig=51ASepIhZblXRkOg5LYJ3ImsQzY#v=onepageq=societyf=false Ryan, L. (2014). Islam doesn't change: youngsters describing arrangements of religion and personality management.Journal of Youth Studies,17(4), 446-460. doi/abs/10.1080/13676261.2013.834315 Saltzman, E. B. (2015). The Picture and Dorian Gray.Drawn from the Classics: Essays on Graphic Adaptations of Literary Works, 177. Recovered from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=zWBiCQAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PA177dq=The+Picture+of+Dorian+Greyots=vFUFgug1nksig=QPjBybQ2d8rtFJuzAV8BdsxuUE4#v=onepageqf=false Staniforth, M. (2012).Material culture and buyer society: subordinate provinces in pilgrim Australia. Springer Science Business Media. Recovered from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=5pp3BQAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PT14dq=culture+of+australiaots=Q1R8HUtPj1sig=8I2Zz-rZ838KdAB5CkLgbmjVdlo#v=onepageq=culture%20of%20australiaf=fals

Sunday, July 26, 2020

North Little Rock

North Little Rock North Little Rock, city (1990 pop. 61,741), Pulaski co., central Ark., on the Arkansas River opposite Little Rock; settled c.1856, inc. as a city 1903. North Little Rock lies in a cotton, rice, soybean, dairy-cattle, and truck-farm area. There is food processing and printing and the manufacture of consumer goods, fiberglass and electronic products, building materials, hospital garments, bakery products, feed, furniture, fertilizers, and chemicals. In the early 19th cent. the discovery of a small silver vein drew settlers to the area, which was then called Silver City. Most of the area later became part of Little Rock, but in 1903 local citizens pushed a bill through the Arkansas legislature permitting a part of Little Rock to secede and join the small village of North Little Rock. Nearby is Camp Joseph T. Robinson, the headquarters of the Arkansas National Guard. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See m ore Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Political Geography

Friday, May 22, 2020

King Lear Essay - 1056 Words

The Islamic Empires nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In early modern history, there were three major Islamic empires that became prominent. The Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughals. We will descuss the Development of these empires by listing their similarities and differences, and their political, social and cultural backgrounds. Next, we will get into the three empires reign of power and also give a discription of some of the great leaders of these empires and their legacy. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;All of these Islamic Empires had Turkish ruling dynasties. The Ottomans, Safavids and Mughals came from nomadic, Turkish-speaking peoples of the central Asia who conquered the settled agricultural lands of Anatolia, Persia†¦show more content†¦Sulayman the Magnificent also expanded the Ottoman territory under his rule dramatically by conquering Baghdad and adding the Tigris and Euphrates valleys to the Ottoman domain. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The Safavid empire was first ruled by Shah Ismail, a 14 year old boy. He gained control of the empire by entering Tabriz at the head of an army and laying claim to the ancient Persian imperial title of the shah. The Safavids traced their ancestry back to Safi al Din, leader of a sufi religious order in northwestern Persia. Shah Ismail also decided for the religion of the Safavid empire to be Twelver Shiism . Twelver Shiism held that there had been twelve infallible imams ( or religious leaders) after Muhammad, beginning with the prophet’s cousin and son-in-law Ali. The belief was that the twelfth or â€Å"hidden† iman would one day return to take power and spread his true religion. Safavid propaganda suggested that Shah Ismail was himself the missing imam, or even the reincarnation of Allah. Shah Ismail’s followers believed that he had the power to keep them safe in battle. In the Battle of Chaldiran, Ismail’s forces attacked heavi ly the lines of the Ottoman empire and suffered devastating casualties. Shah Abbas the Great fully revived the Safavid Empire by moving the capital to a more centralized location and he encouraged trade with other lands. He also reformed the administrative and military institutions of the empire. Shah Abbas led the Safavids to numerousShow MoreRelated Shakespeares King Lear - The Redemption of King Lear Essay746 Words   |  3 PagesThe Redemption of King Lear It is said that no other playwright illustrates the human condition like William Shakespeare. 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They are goingRead MoreBlindness-King Lear1809 Words   |  8 PagesIt seems ironic that both the oldest characters, Gloucester and Lear, who are blind either metaphorically or physically. They both exemplify that wisdom does not always come with old age. The parallel characters are very important to each other, Lear who is blinded metaphorically, and Gloucester who is physically blinded. Both characters undergo radical changes and their once sightless decisions become regrettable actions. They are unable to see people for who they truly are; thus their tragedy isRead More Shakespeares King Lear - Suffering of Cordelia in King Lear1507 Words   |  7 Pagestragedy of Shakespeare’s King Lear is made far more tragic and painful by the presence and suffering of the kings youngest daughter, Cordelia. While our sympathy for the king is somewhat restrained by his brutal cruelty towards others, there is nothing to dampen our emotional response to Cordelias suffering. Nothing, that is, at first glance. Harley Granville-Barker justifies her irreconcilable fate thus: the tragic truth about life to the Shakespeare that wrote King Lear... includes its capriciousRead More plotlear King Lear Essays: Importance of the Parallel Plot in King Lear810 Words   |  4 Pages Importance of the Parallel Plot in King Lear nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Literature can be expressed using many different techniques and styles of writing, some very effective and others not as much.nbsp;nbsp; One of the methods chosen by many is the use of so called parallel plots. Parallel plots, or sometimes referred to as minor, give the opportunity of experiencing a secondary storyline going along with the main plot that otherwise would be unmentioned.nbsp;

Friday, May 8, 2020

Climate Change Has Changed Our Ecosystem - 792 Words

Climate Change depleted Water Resources and resulted in a shortage of access to water in some areas of the world Maryam Yaqoob Water makes up about 60% of human body weight and constitute about 70% of the earth. Nonetheless, the demands on water greatly exceed the supply and soon enough the world will run into serious problems. Since the industrial revolution, human footprint has increased exponentially. Population explosion and the ever-increasing greenhouse gas emission have affected our whole ecosystem. The world is already witnessing the devastating effects of climate change. Climate change has had a great impact on quality and the quantity of water resources. Climate Change has resulted in desertification, decrease in†¦show more content†¦Nonetheless, desertification is not the only phenomena affecting land degradation. Deforestation, a phenomenon where forests are destroyed (Edwards, 2005). Nonetheless, the process of deforestation is partially due to Climate change, humans has cut down trees and contribute to the deforestation. It is arguable that that deforestation has led to lands becoming vulnerable to desertification (Edwards, 2005). This is prevalent especially in places where the land is exposed to high temperatures and prolonged direct sun exposure. Based on these evidences, climate change has resulted in a drought and shortage of water supply in some regions of the world (Edwards, 2005). Although it might seem that Global warming has resulted in an abundance of water supply as the result of excessive precipitation and floods in some areas of the world. Nonetheless, large sections of the world are under the risk of having a shortage in fresh water supply. The average snowfall has decreased in many areas of the world (Paul A O Gorman, 2014). Fluctuations in rainfall and snowfall cycles disrupt the availability of water for irrigation (Frederick Major, 1997). Decreased snowfall results in decreased snowmelt in the subsequent summer, which results in a decrease in the content of the water stream. Some fresh water rivers acquire their stream from mountain snowmelt. The fluctuation in precipitations and flooding makes it harder to exploit these resources. Dooms and water reservoirs operate on

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Study of Human Resource Recruiting and Selection Free Essays

The recruit and selects is human resources management foundation work, it is the enterprise recruits talented person’s main way. This research intends to compare the human resource planning when carrying out recruitment and selection activities within an organization, as well as the issues of managerial shifts. The purpose of this research is to provide the relationship between the recruitment and selection, no matter it is in traditional firms or high technique company. We will write a custom essay sample on The Study of Human Resource Recruiting and Selection or any similar topic only for you Order Now In addition, some related issues will be addressed to analyze the relationship among variables in the viewpoints of strategic human resource. The aspects of recruiting and selection consistent recruiting methods, the recruiting effectiveness, besides it know how, the supporting staff is more appropriate to be sent outbound of he is more accommodating to the environment. Recruitment and Selection Recruitment is the process of seeking and attracting a pool of qualified applicants from which candidates for job vacancies can be selected. And selection is the linking of selection activities to he organisation’s strategic business objectives and culture. At the first of recruits procedure is human resource planning, make a planning of recruitment involve times, jobs and number of people. The second is recruitment, to acquaintance the market, accepts the application. Then is selecting include preliminary interview, interview and other test, after all of these, the company may consider to make a decision about employ and send a message. At last we should make an evaluation about the programmed decision and efficiency. Recruits and selects contains separately in the human resources plan, takes two important components. ? Recruitment In the recruitment industry there are essentially four ways of recruit new employees. First method: utilization of employment agencies. Which serve as a central location for employers and employees to meet. In an employment agency, one application for employment can be considered for numerous positions with various companies. Second method: recruitment websites. Serve as a virtual employment agency and function in essentially the same way. Recruitment websites have a broader range, however, since prospective employers and employees can be located anywhere in the world. Third method: headhunting Involves the active search for exceptionally skilled, talented individuals for professional and executive recruitment. The â€Å"headhunter† travels anywhere that the potential employee benefits package that is difficult to refuse. Fourth method: in-house recruitment Involves the promotion of employees from lower-wage jobs to higher ones within the same company. Also, in-house recruitment may include the posting of bulletins on lunch room bulletin boards, narrowing the job search to current employees or their families and friends. ? Selection Making the wrong hiring choices is costly and time consuming for organizations of all sizes. An effective way for businesses to identify the best candidates for a position is through a structured, job focused interviewing process, where interviewers have effective interviewing skills and understand the legal aspects of employment practices. For example, the strategy of managerial talent the TCL selects. ? Clear about managerial talent’s quality and ability request: Along with TCL enterprise group’s growing strong, is getting higher and higher to all levels of managerial talent’s quality and ability request. he final goal, is adapts the high strength market competition, the acceleration and the international market trail connection, thus causes the enterprise to advance to the internationalization. The excavation wisdom, the multi-skill, the highly effective outstanding person managerial talent becomes most important. TCL proposed that , to be a qualified administ rative personnel should have the following quality: 1. Specialized quality: Does is faces the world, face future superintendent, must have the high ideological awareness, with good occupational ethics. Has the intense historical mission and the sacrificing spirit, approves the enterprise culture highly 2. Policy-making quality: The decision-making materially is to achieve the organization goal, correct analysis, effective action process. Participates in the critical moment decisive function which in the enterprise competes and grows strong 3. Leadership quality: The leadership is one should say that rallies together to achieve the organization goal the behavior. The outstanding leader has the very strong influence and the rallying point. Has the high prestige in the populace. 4. Intelligence quality: The intelligence is refers to the people to know the objective things, and using understanding actual problem ability. To the administrative personnels, the intelligence quality is engaged in the leadership work the precondition. The administrative personnels pay great attention to strengthen the self-development consciousness, improves own intelligence quality. Thus, can better deal with the market competition. 5. Innovation quality: The superintendent is the enterprise innovative activities initiator. Enterprise innovation including mentality innovation, knowledge renewal and so on. The innovation is the modern competition win sharp weapon. Therefore, the modern enterprise policy-makers should have the very strong innovation ability ? Grasps the science efficient path to select managerial talent 1. Democracy recommendation: The democracy recommendation chooses only then the beginning, it indicates the people to the above-mentioned person to be possible the receptivity. In order to manifest chooses only then the objectivity, fairness, integrity. Therefore, the democracy recommendation throughout chooses only then one of essential methods. 2. Achievement inspection: The working ability determination’s most practical method is manifests through the achievement. Usually inspects its work thought to be correct or not, the method of work is whether scientific, working efficiency height. This achievement inspection way, becomes the modern human affairs science inspection the new system. Human resource planning. A human resource plan is a systematic process of matching the interests, skills and talents of individual community members with the long-term goals and economic opportunities in the community. Like all activities, creating a human resource plan needs to involve the relevant community sectors, so that their participation and input will lead to strong community support. A very real need to see results makes planning seem wasteful of time, diverting efforts from doing. Impatience with planning is always a challenge. Public expectations may be unrealistic, looking for jobs as an immediate outcome. Careful assessment may turn up more human resource development needs than the projected or existing resources and funding can handle, and this may require excruciating choices. Conclusion Recruitment and selects has two meanings; first, recruitment with selects is the enterprise obtains the human resources the method; second, recruitment with selects means that chooses the most appropriate staff. Realizes the person hillock match, matches personally with the team, matches personally with the organization. How is the employment recruit work quality to the enterprise the influence often long-term, even decisive. Formulate exterior personnel replacement plan goal is has the plan to buy in the personnel to supplement in the future the vacant job. The exterior personnel replacement plan is not only plans simply needs to introduce any personnel, but also to introduce how many personnel. And must coordinate to work out a series of plans to guarantee that can incur to the appropriate human resources. According to the plan step and the content, may divide into again the exterior personnel replacement plan two sub-plans, namely recruits to plan and to select the plan. How to cite The Study of Human Resource Recruiting and Selection, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Wal-Mart Essays - Walmart, Hypermart USA, Sam Walton, David Glass

Wal-Mart Abstract Sam Walton, a leader with an innovative vision, started his own company and made it into the leader in discount retailing that it is today. Through his savvy, and sometimes unusual, business practices, he and his associates led the company forward for thirty years. Today, four years after his death, the company is still growing steadily. Wal-Mart executives continue to rely on many of the traditional goals and philosophies that Sam's legacy left behind, while simultaneously keeping one step ahead of the ever-changing technology and methods of today's fast-paced business environment. The organization has faced, and is still facing, a significant amount of controversy over several different issues; however, none of these have done much more than scrape the exterior of this gigantic operation. The future also looks bright for Wal-Mart, especially if it is able to strike a comfortable balance between increasing its profits and recognizing its social and ethical responsibilities. Why is Wal-Mart so Successful? Is it Good Strategy or Good Strategy Implementation? -- In 1962, when Sam Walton opened the first Wal-Mart store in Rogers, Arkansas, no one could have ever predicted the enormous success this small-town merchant would have. Sam Walton's talent for discount retailing not only made Wal-Mart the world's largest retailer, but also the world's number one retailer in sales. Indeed, Wal-Mart was named "Retailer of the Decade" by Discount Store News in 1989, and on several occasions has been included in Fortune's list of the "10 most admired corporations." Even with Walton's death (after a two-year battle with bone cancer) in 1992, Wal-Mart's sales continue to grow significantly. The Wal-Mart Philosophy -- Wal-Mart is successful not only because it makes sound strategic management decisions, but also for its innovative implementation of those strategic decisions. Regarded by many as the entrepreneur of the century, Walton had a reputation for caring about his customers, his employees (or "associates" as he referred to them), and the community. In order to maintain its market position in the discount retail business, Wal-Mart executives continue to adhere to the management guidelines Sam developed. Walton was a man of simple tastes and took a keen interest in people. He believed in three guiding principles: 1. Customer value and service; 2. Partnership with its associates; 3. Community involvement (The Story of Wal-Mart, 1995). The Customer -- The word "always" can be seen in virtually all of Wal-Mart's literature. One of Walton's deepest beliefs was that the customer is always right, and his stores are still driven by this philosophy. When questioned about Wal-Mart's secrets of success, Walton has been quoted as saying, "It has to do with our desire to exceed our customers' expectations every hour of every day" (Wal-Mart Annual Report, 1994, p. 5). The Associates -- Walton's greatest accomplishment was his ability to empower, enrich, and train his employees (Longo, 1994). He believed in listening to employees and challenging them to come up with ideas and suggestions to make the company better. At each of the Wal-Mart stores, signs are displayed which read, "Our People Make the Difference." Associates regularly make suggestions for cutting costs through their "Yes We Can Sam" program. The sum of the savings generated by the associates actually paid for the construction of a new store in Texas (The story of Wal-Mart, 1995). One of Wal-Mart's goals was to provide its employees with the appropriate tools to do their jobs efficiently. The technology was not used as a means of replacing existing employees, but to provide them with a means to succeed in the retail market (Thompson & Strickland, 1995). The Community -- Wal-Mart's popularity can be linked to its hometown identity. Walton believed that every customer should be greeted upon entering a store, and that each store should be a reflection of the values of its customers and its community. Wal-Mart is involved in many community outreach programs and has launched several national efforts through industrial development grants. What are the Key Features of Wal-Mart's Approach to Implementing the Strategy Put Together by Sam Walton -- The key features of Wal-Mart's approach to implementing the strategy put together by Sam Walton emphasizes building solid working relationships with both suppliers and employees, being aware and taking notice of the most intricate details in store layouts and merchandising techniques, capitalizing on every cost saving opportunity, and creating a high performance spirit. This strategic formula is used to provide customers access to quality goods, to make these goods available when and where customers want them, to develop a cost structure that enables competitive pricing, and to build and maintain a